West African Journal of Radiology

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27--30

Kartagener's syndrome in a young female: A rare diagnosis in a resource-limited facility


Yusuf Lawal1, Muhammed Abba Suwaid1, Mansur Adamu Yahuza1, Hadijat Oluseyi Kolade-Yunusa2 
1 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, University of Abuja, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yusuf Lawal
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano
Nigeria

Kartagener's syndrome (KS) is a subset of a larger group of ciliary motility disorders called primary ciliary dyskinesia. It is a genetic disease with an autosomal recessive inheritance characterized by inefficient or absent mucociliary clearance. It is a very rare congenital malformation comprising a classical triad of situs inversus, bronchiectasis, and sinusitis. A 22-year-old single female Nigerian came to our health facility with complaints of recurrent productive, non-foul-smelling cough, nasal discharge, and occasional shortness of breath since early childhood. She had a positive history of recurrent hospital visitations and chronic use of antibiotics but with few hospitalizations for recurrent chest infection. Chest examination revealed a maximally audible apex beat on the right side of her chest. Chest radiograph showed dextrocardia, while a chest computer tomography scan revealed cystic and varicose bronchiectatic changes with peribronchial thickening and multiple tiny interstitial nodules, mainly in the bilateral middle and lower lung fields. The patient had a fair response on inhaled steroids, nasal steroid spray, antibiotics, mucolytics, and bronchodilators. She is on follow-up clinic visits and close monitoring for potential complications. Patients with KS exist in resource-poor settings like northern Nigeria, largely being managed as cases of chronic sinusitis, pneumonia, or asthma. Although there is no rapid, reliable, non-invasive diagnostic test for KS, accurate diagnosis is crucial if the risks of complications from advanced disease and reduced quality of life are to be averted.


How to cite this article:
Lawal Y, Suwaid MA, Yahuza MA, Kolade-Yunusa HO. Kartagener's syndrome in a young female: A rare diagnosis in a resource-limited facility.West Afr J Radiol 2021;28:27-30


How to cite this URL:
Lawal Y, Suwaid MA, Yahuza MA, Kolade-Yunusa HO. Kartagener's syndrome in a young female: A rare diagnosis in a resource-limited facility. West Afr J Radiol [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jul 28 ];28:27-30
Available from: https://www.wajradiology.org/article.asp?issn=1115-3474;year=2021;volume=28;issue=1;spage=27;epage=30;aulast=Lawal;type=0