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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 150-154

COVID radiology preparedness in Nigeria: How ready are we?

1 Department of Radiation Biology, Radiotherapy and Radiodiagnosis, College of Medicine University of Lagos/Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Nigeria
2 Crestview Radiology, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Department of Radiology, University College Hospital, Oyo State, Nigeria
4 Department of Radiology, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria
5 Department of Radiology, Lagos State University College of Medicine/Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria
6 Lily hospitals, Warri, Nigeria
7 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
8 Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine. University of Nigeria, Ituku Ozalla Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
9 Radiology Department, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
10 Cedarcrest Hospitals, Abuja, Nigeria
11 Department of Radiology, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
12 Department of Radiology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Borno State, Nigeria
13 Department of Radiology, College of Medicine University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Olubukola A Omidiji
Department of Radiation Biology, Radiotherapy and Radiodiagnosis, College of Medicine University of Lagos/Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos
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DOI: 10.4103/wajr.wajr_19_20

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The novel human coronavirus (COVID-19) began in Wuhan China as an interstitial pneumonia of unidentifiable origin in December 2019 and thereafter spread its tentacles all over the world. There is a need for radiology departments in both government and private facilities to be prepared to meet this crisis. Their efforts should be geared not only toward diagnosis, but also to preventing patient-to-patient, staff-to-patient, and staff-to-staff transmission of infection by utilizing social distancing measures and personal protective equipment (PPE). Aim: To evaluate the preparedness of radiologic departments of government hospitals and private centers, by assessing the outlay of the facility and likelihood to attend to COVID patients, type of equipment in the centers, and plans in place for protection of staff and the public. Materials and Methods: The radiology departments of government and private facilities in each geopolitical zone of the country were randomly selected to discuss radiology preparedness in Nigeria using preset guidelines which were sent to radiologists at the facilities. Written informed consent was obtained from the radiologists at the participating centers. Ethical approval was also obtained from the Lagos University Teaching Hospital Health Research Ethics Committee. Results: A total of twelve centers were included in the study, comprising eight government and four private centers. All had plans in place to attend to COVID patients; majority were in the process of developing standard operating procedures (SOPs). Majority of the government facilities lacked mobile equipment and adequate PPEs, with only one computed tomography machine and no holding area in some of the facilities for symptomatic patients unlike the private facilities. They, however, had infection control teams in place. Conclusion: Private radiological centers appear better prepared and more equipped to cope with the crisis than government hospitals. Adequate PPEs, mobile equipment, and isolation rooms need to be provided for the government facilities. Radiology information systems should be installed for remote viewing. Training and retraining on COVID management and decontamination should be conducted periodically. SOPs should be drafted universally and modified for each facility.

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