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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-18

Analysis and economic implications of X-ray film repeat/reject in selected hospitals in Ghana

1 Department of Radiography, School of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Korle-Bu, Accra, Ghana
2 Department of Radiology, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Korle-Bu, Accra, Ghana

Correspondence Address:
Eric Kwasi Ofori
Department of Radiography, School of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, P. O. Box KB 143, Korle-Bu, Accra
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DOI: 10.4103/1115-1474.117903

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Background/Aims: Repeat of X-ray examinations contributes to the radiation burden of patient and waste of resources in most developing countries. This study determined the economic implications of repeated X-ray examinations in 10 selected hospitals in Ghana. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in July, 2011 using a total of 2785 radiographs from 1685 patients (85.9% adult and 14.1% pediatrics). Of these, 944 (56.0%) were female and 741 (44.0%) male. Reject films were compiled and classified according to the reasons for the reject. Time and cost analyses due to the repeat examinations were also carried out. Results: Out of 2785 radiographs included in the study, 540 representing 19.4% were rejected. The overall reject rate for the individual hospitals ranged from 14.6% to 20.8%. The minimum time wasted by the radiographers in repeating examinations during the 1 month study was estimated to be approximately 135 h representing 17 working days in Ghana. The loss of revenue per month due to 540 rejected/repeated radiographs amounts to approximately $6021 equating to approximately $72,256/annum. Exposure error and poor patient positioning constituted between 52.0% and 23.0% respectively of the overall causes of film rejection and were evenly distributed across the hospitals. Conclusion: Consistent training in radiographic techniques and standardization of protocols as well as quality assurance measures in the hospitals could help overcome the reported exposure error and poor patient positioning and improve revenue savings.

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