Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 423
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-8

Renal duplex ultrasonography among adult native Nigerian diabetics and diabetic nephropathy population


1 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ademola Joseph Adekanmi
Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id


DOI: 10.4103/wajr.wajr_8_18

Rights and Permissions

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious global health problem with grave socioeconomic impact and debilitating complications especially diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study evaluated the usefulness of renal parenchymal and vascular sonography among three groups-diabetics with nephropathy, diabetes with no evidence of nephropathy and nondiabetics. Materials and Methods: The renal volume, parenchymal changes, and intrarenal vascular indices of three groups of participants (Group A - Diabetic with nephropathy; Group B - diabetic without nephropathy; and Group C - nondiabetic controls) were assessed using B-mode and Duplex ultrasonography. Results: The difference in the means of resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) in the diabetic patients (Group A and Group B) was significantly higher compared to the controls (RI mean ± standard deviation [SD]: Group A diabetic patients, 0.71 ± 0.11 cm3; Group B diabetics, 0.68 ± 0.08 cm3; controls, 0.62 ± 0.07 cm3; P < 0.0001); (PI ± SD: Group A diabetic patients, 1.22 ± 0.25 cm3; Group B diabetics, 1.16 ± 0.29 cm3; controls, 1.03 ± 0.23 cm3; P = 0.003). The mean renal volume among DM patients (Group A and Group B) were higher than in nondiabetic controls, (mean renal volume ± SD: Group A DM patients with nephropathy, 13.99 ± 3.95 cm3, the diabetic group without DM patients 13.39 ± 4.59 cm3, controls 12.05 ± 3.39 cm3). Conclusion: This study showed that renal RI and PI were significantly increased in patients with diabetes than in healthy controls with a trend of increase from controls to DM without nephropathy to DM with nephropathy. Duplex ultrasonography is useful for the clinical evaluation of diabetes and DN. 13.95 + 7.02% VS 8.20 + 4.19% P = 0.000


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1027    
    Printed117    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded2    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal