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CASE REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 107-109

Physiological periostitis: Reporting of a medical conundrum!


Department of Pediatrics, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Post Graduate Institute of Pediatrics and SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Subal Kumar Pradhan
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Post Graduate Institute of Pediatrics and SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1115-1474.121104

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Physiological periostitis is a known, typically symmetric radiological finding in infants between 1 and 6 months of age. Traumatic periosteal new bone formation may be bilateral and one of the close differential diagnoses of physiological periostitis, but there is usually other evidence of fracture or trauma. Pediatricians and radiologists should be aware of this benign entity, so that unnecessary investigation and treatment may be avoided. We describe a two-months-old female child, who presented with swelling of both the legs and was confused with osteomyelitis initially, but later came to be diagnosed as physiological periostitis after ruling out other common diagnosis.


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